A sobriety test is a test that is generally given by a law enforcement officer to test the sobriety of a suspect for DUI or DWI.
These tests are usually administered by law enforcement officers prior tdo making an arrest.
Jurisdiction is usually composed of personal jurisdiction authority over persons and subject matter jurisdiction authority over types of cases.
Jurisprudence - The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
Juror Disqualified - Juror dismissed from a trial.
Jury - Persons selected according to law and sworn to inquire into and declare a verdict on matters of fact. A petit jury is a trial jury, composed of 6 to persons, which hears either civil or criminal cases.
Contributory Negligence - A legal doctrine preventing the plaintiff in a civil action from recovering against a defendant for his her negligence if the plaintiff was also negligent. New Mexico has abandoned the doctrine of contributory negligence in favor of comparative negligence.
Reasonable Person - A phrase used to denote a hypothetical person who exercises the qualities of attention, knowledge, intelligence, and judgment that society requires of its members for the protection of their own interest and the interests of others. This term is commonly used in torts, where the test of negligence is based on either a failure to do something that a reasonable person, guided by considerations that ordinarily regulate conduct, would do, or on the doing of something that a reasonable and prudent wise person would not do.
Reasonable Suspicion - Level of suspicion required to justify law enforcement investigation, but not arrest or search. A lower level of suspicion or evidence than probable cause. An officer has reasonable suspicion when the officer is aware of specific, articulable facts, together with rational inferences from those facts, which, when judged objectively, would lead a reasonable person to believe that criminal activity occurred or was occurring.
Jury Array - The whole corpus of prospective jurors summoned to court from which the jury will be selected. Also called Jury Panel.
Contraband - Articles, the possession of which is prohibited by law. Contract - An agreement between two or more persons that creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. A contract must have something of value promised or given, and a reasonable amount of agreement between the parties as to what the contract means. The parties must be legally capable of making binding agreements.
Non-jury trial - A case tried by a judge on the facts as well as the law.
No Probable Cause - A finding of insufficient grounds to hold the person who was arrested.
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